Breast Cancer Risk Factors
Breast Cancer Treatment in India, Bangalore | OncologyIndia
Understanding Your Risk for Breast Cancer
If you are women then you should be vigilant about your breast health. This blog will give a piece of information about the risk factor, how to manage your health and some interesting information about breast cancer
So let’s understand the Risk factor
Usually, the doctor uses the term “risk factor” for anything which increases the chance of getting those diseases. For example, smoking increases the risk of lung cancer so smoking is the risk factor
The risk factor for Breast cancer is not very cleared but below are some points which can increase the risk of Breast cancer
1. Being female
2. Age (getting older)
3. Hereditary – family history
4. Getting radiation to the chest
5. Beginning your period before age 12
6. Lifestyle factors that may increase risk include alcohol use, obesity and lack of physical activity.
It is very important for you to understand the even there is a very high-risk factor it does not mean that you will definitely get a disease It just increases your chances. Yes, it is possible to remain a healthy life all their lives in spite of being high risk. Conversely, most people who get cancer don’t have any presently known risk factors.
Family History of Breast Cancer
Genetics and family history ate the two important factors for Breast cancer. Doctor considers that a young woman having a family history of breast cancer or ovarian cancer / or genetic mutations associated with breast cancer is considered to be a High-risk candidate for breast cancer.
A strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer can be a strong indication for hereditary breast cancer. Its means two or more relative with breast or ovarian cancer increase the risk of breast cancer.
The most common cause of hereditary breast cancer is Mutations to the BRCA1 and BRCA2. It normally helps to control cell division. The risk for Breast cancer increases with the mutation in either BRCA1 or 2. Even other genetic mutations also increase the risk of breast or ovarian cancer, but are less common as they are not as risky as much as BRCA1 and 2.
Getting genetic testing or genetic counseling helps you to understand the risk factors. It will help you or make more you informed about the risk factor and decisions about your health, whether you are at high risk or already have breast cancer.
If your doctor says that you are at high risk for hereditary breast cancer then also you have options to protect your self
Take your time and gather accurate information about these very personal decisions.
- Mammogram test
- Medicine or chemoprevention
- Preventive or prophylactic surgery to remove breasts and/or ovaries
- Surveillance with MRI or ultrasound to detect breast cancer early
In case you already have breast cancer and the test indicates a hereditary mutation, this information can still inform and improve your healthcare decisions and treatment. The test result also helps your relatives or family members in understanding their risk.