Bladder Cancer

  • Overview

  • Symptoms

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

Overview

The bladder is a hollow, stretchy organ in the pelvis where urine is stored till it’s emptied. Cancer usually begins in the cells that line the inside. Bladder cancer occurs more often in men mostly older than 70. If detected early, it can be treated successfully, though it can recur.

Early Symptoms

  • Blood in the urine; it may come and go.
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Pain, irritation or burning when urinating
  • Increased frequency of urinating
  • Urgency in the need to urinate
  • Pain or spasms in the bladder area

The symptoms do not necessarily indicate bladder cancer. However, a doctor can rule out the possibility, treat the symptoms or help you get a proper diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Cytoscopy

A procedure that enables your doctor to visualize and collect tissue sample in necessary

MRI

Shows the extent of diseases

PET Scans

Captures internal images, which enable your doctor to distinguish between normal, cancerous, living and dead tissue.

Treatment

It is usually the first treatment option for bladder cancer if it is still localized in the bladder. If unavoidable, the bladder may be removed and artificially reconstructed.

Chemotherapy

Depending on your situation, it can be given before and after surgery along with radiation therapy.

Radiation

Various types of radiation therapies may be used

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)

If the chances of the cancer returning are high, you may be given BCG, a type of immunotherapy.