Bladder Cancer

  • Overview

  • Symptoms

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

Overview

The bladder is a hollow, stretchy organ in the pelvis where urine is stored till it’s emptied. Cancer usually begins in the cells that line the inside. Bladder cancer occurs more often in men mostly older than 70. If detected early, it can be treated successfully, though it can recur.

Early Symptoms

  • Blood in the urine; it may come and go.
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Pain, irritation or burning when urinating
  • Increased frequency of urinating
  • Urgency in the need to urinate
  • Pain or spasms in the bladder area
The symptoms do not necessarily indicate bladder cancer. However, a doctor can rule out the possibility, treat the symptoms or help you get a proper diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Cytoscopy
A procedure that enables your doctor to visualize and collect tissue sample in necessary
MRI
Shows the extent of diseases
PET Scans
Captures internal images, which enable your doctor to distinguish between normal, cancerous, living and dead tissue.

Treatment

It is usually the first treatment option for bladder cancer if it is still localized in the bladder. If unavoidable, the bladder may be removed and artificially reconstructed.
Chemotherapy
Depending on your situation, it can be given before and after surgery along with radiation therapy.
Radiation
Various types of radiation therapies may be used
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)
If the chances of the cancer returning are high, you may be given BCG, a type of immunotherapy.