Blood cancer

  • Overview

  • Symptoms

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

Overview

Most blood cancers start in the bone marrow, in which the normal blood cell development process is interrupted by uncontrolled growth of an abnormal type of blood cell. Blood cancers affect the production and function of your blood cells; they also prevent your immune system from fighting off infections or preventing serious bleeding.

Types of Blood Cancer:

  • Lymphoma: It occurs in lymph reticular system – lymph nodes
  • Myeloma: This is a cancer of the white blood cells, also called plasma cells.
  • Leukaemia: It is found in your blood and bone marrow and is caused by the rapid production of abnormal white blood cells.

Early Symptoms

  • Swelling anywhere in the body
  • Bleeding through the nose, anus or while coughing or vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Rashes over the body
  • Altered bowel habits
  • Lump and heaviness in the abdomen
  • Unexplained fever

Diagnosis

  • Routine Blood tests
  • Biopsy/ Bone Marrow Examination
  • PET/CT scanning
  • Blood flow cytometry or cytogenetic

Treatment

  • Chemotherapy (oral and/or intravenous)
  • Bone Marrow transplant
  • Stem cell