Brain Tumor

  • Overview

  • Symptoms

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

Overview

Brain tumor may be Metastatic brain tumor and primary brain tumor. Malignant brain tumor multiplies and spread faster. Benign brain tumor, though dangerous, tend to be confined to their location.

Metastatic Brain tumor

Also called secondary brain cancer, it occurs when cancer invades the brain from other parts of the body, mainly from the breasts, kidneys, lungs, colon and skin. They appear mostly in the cerebral cortex, the brain stem or the cerebellum. Sometimes, doctors cannot trace the origin of the metastasis.

Early Symptoms

  • Headaches, sometimes accompanied with nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures including muscle spasms and abnormal tastes or smells
  • Problems with vision, speech and cohesion
  • Physical weakness, tingling and numbness

Diagnosis

  • Assessment of symptoms
  • Medical History
  • Neurological examinations
  • Various imaging procedures like MRI, PET, etc.
  • Collection of spinal fluid (spinal tap)
  • Biopsies (in rare cases)

Treatment

  • Surgery: Today, brain surgery is safer and more effective due to advances in mapping, imaging and operational skills.
  • Radiation: There are several types of radiation treatments. The aim is to shrink the tumour or kill the cancer cells while protecting healthy tissue.