Lymphoma

  • Overview

  • Symptoms

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

Overview

One of the most common cancers, lymphoma starts in the white blood cells, which themselves are responsible for fighting disease. It can spread to organs of the lymphatic system like bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, thymus or the lymphoid tissue of the digestive system. There are two main types of lymphomas: Hodgkin lymphoma, also called Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Early Symptoms

Since lymph nodes are pervasive in the body, including the bone marrow, there can be many symptoms of lymphoma.

  • Lymph nodes stay enlarged for a long period after a viral infection
  • They become enlarged for no reason and stay swollen
  • Swelling or a feeling of fullness or bleeding in the abdominal region (lymphoma of the stomach or intestines)
  • Seizures in parts of your body or difficulty in walking (lymphoma of the spinal cord or brain)
  • Coughing, shortness of breath or chest pain (lymphoma of the chest)
  • Chronic fatigue, fever, sweating at night, itching or sudden weight loss
  • Pain while consuming alcohol

Since many illness symptoms are similar to lymphoma, you should consult a doctor right away to get a proper diagnosis and targeted treatment.

Diagnosis

Biopsy: A biopsy is the most accurate diagnostic tool for lymphoma. Pathologists conduct a battery of tests to determine the type of cells affected by the lymphoma.

Genetic Analysis: It can be part of the diagnostic procedure since it helps in determining your prognosis and selecting the best form of treatment.

PET CT / CT/MRI/

Bone marrow aspiration biopsy

Treatment

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Stem Cell Transplant: In some cases when the cancer returns