The rectum is the last six inches of the large intestine where the stool collects and passes out through the anus. Rectal cancer usually starts as a small abnormality on the surface called a polyp, which grows gradually. Some polyps can become cancerous. There is also a hereditary from of this cancer.
There nay be no symptoms of rectal cancer or only slight ones if any.
A case of bleeding rectum or blood in the stool should be brought to the notice of your doctor immediately.
Surgery: It is the most common procedure for many stages of rectal cancer. However, many rectal cancers can be treated by a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Chemoptherapy: It may be used with radiation therapy before surgery to shrink the tumour. It may also be given after surgery to kill any cancer cells that remain.
Radiation Therapy: It is also used to shrink the tumour before surgery and to prevent the tumour from growing back after it.