Uterine Sarcoma

  • Overview

  • Symptoms

  • Diagnosis

  • Treatment

Overview

This disease begins in the cells of muscles or tissues in the uterus, a hollow organ in the pelvis in which a foetus grows. Uterine sarcomas are of various types.

Early Symptoms

  • Bleeding or abnormal discharge from the vagina between menstrual cycles or after menopause.
  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Unusual feeling of fullness in the pelvic region
  • Frequent urination

Diagnosis

  • Review of medical history
  • Physical examination
  • Imaging tests like MRI, CT or PET scans or ultrasound
  • Biopsy
  • Partial or total hysterectomy (partial or total removal of the uterus to better assess the type and stage of the sarcoma)

Treatment

Surgery: The sarcoma can be removed by an open abdominal surgery as well as with partial or total hysterectomy

Minimally Invasive Surgeries: Laparoscopic or robotic surgery

Chemotherapy: May be given to kill a tumour that has spread beyond the uterus or if the sarcoma returns.

Hormone Therapy: This treatment uses drugs and substances that pre-empt cancer cells from consuming the hormones they need to grow.

Radiation Therapy: Depending on your case, you may be given high dosage of radiation with external-beam therapy or Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) where the dosage can be altered.